重点推荐 光绪广西江南河南

发布时间:2020-10-26 20:14:20   来源:未知  

光绪元宝是大清光绪年流通大面值货币之首,是我国首批引进海外技术的印发流通货币,对于现今也蕴藏了一定历史意义。“光绪元宝”当时共十九个省局铸造。除中央户部,地方省所铸铜元,皆在其正面上缘镌写省名。

Guangxu Yuanbao is the first large denomination currency in circulation in Guangxu year of Qing Dynasty. It is one of the first batch of printing and distributing currency that introduces overseas technology. It also contains certain historical significance for today. At that time, the "Guangxu Yuanbao" was cast by 19 provinces. In addition to the central Hubu, the name of the province was engraved on the upper edge of the bronze coins.


 


 

 

     广西巡抚李经羲奏准在广西筹建铜元局。但是,当时铜元泛滥,民间折价使用,十文铜元减至八折、七折不等。各省为维护本省利益,往往禁止它省铜元流通,使一国之币于一国之内不能畅行。而且各省铜元,成色参差,形制各异,币制紊乱。为整顿币制,清政府颁布“整顿圜法章程”,限制各省铸额,确定铜元成色、形制,令户部天津造币总厂铸造名为“大清铜币”的新式铜元,并由户部将新币祖模颁发各省,仿效铸造。原有旧币一律停铸,以期划一。之后,又于光绪三十二年(1906年)对全国的造币厂进行裁撤归并。其中,广西并归广东为一厂。因而,广西铜元局未及开机铸造便被裁撤。传世的广西光绪十文铜元,并非广西省所铸。

 

     江南省造光绪元宝系指清代光绪二十三年到三十一年(1897-1905年)由南京造币厂铸造的机制“光绪元宝”系列钱币,系清代正式铸行的法定流通货币。但铸造江南省造钱币的清末,已无江南省建制。江南省设于清朝顺治二年(1645年),省府位于江宁(今南京)。清代的江南省前身是明朝的南直隶江南省,范围大致相当于今天的江苏省、上海市和安徽省。康熙六年(1667年)清廷撤江南省,分设江苏和安徽两个省。南京造币厂将其铸造的货币标明“江南省造”,是因为当时苏州已经有一个专铸机制铜元的造币厂,并且其铸造的铜元均标明“江苏省造”。为避免混淆,南京造币厂将其铸造的银币标明为“江南省造”。江南省造货币系我国货币史上唯一有名无实的省份货币。

 

      中国铜元始铸于清光绪二十六年(1900年)。河南铜元始铸于光绪三十年。是年,河南巡抚陈夔龙奏准在开封设铜元局。光绪三十二年,开封铜元局改名为度支部造币汴厂,至光绪三十三年。民国初年,控制河南的军阀督抚为支付巨额的军政开支,铜元铸造数额骤增。民国二十年(1931年),河南铜元局改名机器制造局,至民国二十二年秋,因铜源断绝,造币机构被撤销。民国初年,控制河南的军阀督抚为支付巨额的军政开支,铜元铸造数额骤增。民国二十年(1931年),河南铜元局改名机器制造局,至民国二十二年秋,因铜源断绝,造币机构被撤销。

The copper yuan was first cast in the 26th year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu (1900). Henan Tongyuan was first cast in the thirtieth year of Guangxu. In that year, Chen kuilong, governor of Henan Province, set up the Tongyuan Bureau in Kaifeng. In the 32nd year of Guangxu reign, Kaifeng Tongyuan Bureau was renamed as bianchang of Du branch till the 33rd year of Guangxu. In the early years of the Republic of China, in order to pay a huge amount of military and political expenditure, the amount of copper coin casting increased sharply. In the 20th year of the Republic of China (1931), Henan copper yuan Bureau was renamed as machinery manufacturing Bureau. In the autumn of the Republic of China, the Mint was abolished because of the cut off of copper sources. In the early years of the Republic of China, in order to pay a huge amount of military and political expenditure, the amount of copper coin casting increased sharply. In the 20th year of the Republic of China (1931), Henan copper yuan Bureau was renamed as machinery manufacturing Bureau. In the autumn of the Republic of China, the Mint was abolished because of the cut off of copper sources.