精品钱币赏析:崇宁重宝•

发布时间:2021-05-13 21:12:40   来源:网络  

【藏品名称】:崇宁重宝

[collection name]: Chongning treasure

【藏品类别】:钱币

Collection category: Coins

【藏品数量】:一枚

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品简介】:崇宁重宝系北宋徽宗崇宁年间铸(公元1102年~1106年),币质有铜、铁、银。 崇宁重宝为隶书铜、铁大钱,制作多亦精好,存世较多。另有崇宁通宝钱文为徽宗御书瘦金体,铁划银钩,深具骨秀格清之气韵,书法超妙绝伦,堪称币文楷书之颠峰。世人评此为“宋代第一泉”,与新莽并称中国钱发 “二圣”,崇宁通宝版式多变,尚有铁钱。 崇宁重宝钱文隶书,古朴方正,严谨庄重,法度固定。有人认为,崇宁重宝钱文也是徽宗所书,但史无定论。重宝版别几百种,面背记号多,有花穿、决文、面星、背星月纹等,常能见到。

[collection introduction]: Chongning treasure was made in the reign of Emperor Huizong of the Northern Song Dynasty during the reign of Chongning (1102-1106 AD). The coins are made of copper, iron and silver. Chongning chongbao is a large coin made of bronze and iron in Li script. It is well made and has a long history. In addition, Chongning Tongbao's Qian script is a thin gold body of Huizong's imperial script, with iron and silver hooks. It has the charm of beautiful bone and clear style. Its calligraphy is superb and can be called the peak of regular script. It is regarded as "the first spring in the Song Dynasty" by the world. Together with Xinmang, it is called "two saints" of China's Qianfa. Chongning Tongbao's format is changeable, and there is still iron money. Chongning heavy treasure Qian Wen Li Shu, simple and upright, rigorous and solemn, law fixed. Some people think that Chongning chongbao Qianwen was also written by Huizong, but the history is inconclusive. There are several hundred kinds of chongbao editions. There are many marks on the face and back, such as Huachuan, Juewen, mianxing, beixingyuewen, etc.

关于此钱,有一个传说,谓其面文为蔡京所书,而蔡京书写时别有用心地将“崇”字的山和宗的竖笔上下贯通,连成一线;将“宁”字繁体之中的“心”省略,被人指责为“有意破宋,无心宁国”。“崇宁”钱存世尚多,版别亦多,但迄今并未发现有如上所说这种写法的钱币。自然也有根据以上说法造假的,但那很容易辨别出来。因此这段传说得不到印证,至今仍是一个谜。 公元1100年1月,北宋皇帝哲宗病故,由其弟赵佶接替做了北宋第八任皇帝,为宋徽宗。徽宗“性甚机巧,优于技艺”,终日沉迷于书法绘画,不理朝纲。他在位25年,先后铸造了圣宋通宝、崇宁通宝(重宝)、大观通宝、政和通宝(重宝)、重和通宝、宣和通宝(元宝)等6种钱币,其中崇宁通宝和大观通宝的钱文是徽宗亲书的瘦金体。令人叫绝的是折十型瘦金书体的崇宁通宝,青铜精制,文字骨秀格清,令人爱不忍释。

There is a legend about this coin that its face writing was written by Cai Jing. When Cai Jing wrote it, he connected the vertical pen of "Chong" and "Zong" up and down to form a line; The omission of "Xin" in the traditional Chinese character "Ning" has been accused of "intentionally breaking the Song Dynasty but not Ningguo"“ There are still many "Chongning" coins in the world, and there are many editions, but so far no such coins have been found. Of course, there are people who make fake according to the above statement, but it's easy to distinguish. Therefore, this legend can not be confirmed, and it is still a mystery. In January 1100 AD, Emperor zhe Zong of the Northern Song Dynasty died of illness, and his younger brother Zhao Ji succeeded him as the eighth emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty. Huizong was "skillful in nature and superior in skill". He was addicted to calligraphy and painting all day long and ignored the imperial program. During his 25 years in office, he successively minted six kinds of coins, including Shengsong Tongbao, Chongning Tongbao (chongbao), Daguan Tongbao, Zhenghe Tongbao (chongbao), Chonghe Tongbao and Xuanhe Tongbao (Yuanbao). Among them, the Qian Wen of Chongning Tongbao and Daguan Tongbao is the thin gold body of huizongqin script. What's amazing is that Chongning Tongbao, a thin gold book with ten fold style, is made of refined bronze, with beautiful characters and clear style.

母钱翻铸法,铸钱的要求已很严格,每逢改元铸新钱,先作样钱呈帝王审定。铸钱程序最为典型:象牙精雕钱样?铜雕祖钱?初铸母钱?印范母钱?进呈样钱。以外省钱局的程序是:初铸母钱(部颁样钱)?印范母钱?进呈样钱。用母钱翻铸的大量钱币,规整精美,同版钱很多,但钱体面、背直观无砂眼,且文字优美,钱文与地章之间深峻,无肤浅之象。母钱翻铸法,铸钱的要求已很严格,每逢改元铸新钱,先作样钱呈帝王审定。铸钱程序最为典型:象牙精雕钱样?铜雕祖钱?初铸母钱?印范母钱?进呈样钱。以外省钱局的程序是:初铸母钱(部颁样钱)?印范母钱?进呈样钱。用母钱翻铸的大量钱币,规整精美,同版钱很多,但钱体面、背直观无砂眼,且文字优美,钱文与地章之间深峻,无肤浅之象。

In the method of mother coin recasting, the requirement of casting money is very strict. Every time a new coin is made, the sample money is first submitted to the emperor for examination and approval. The most typical process of casting money: ivory carving money? Bronze carving ancestor money? The first mother money? Yinfan mother money? Money for sample introduction. The procedure of the provincial money bureau is: first casting mother money (Ministry issued sample money)? Yinfan mother money? Money for sample introduction. A large number of coins with mother coins are regular and exquisite. There are a lot of coins in the same edition, but the money is decent, the back is intuitive, there is no trachoma, and the writing is beautiful. There is no superficial image between the text and the seal. In the method of mother coin recasting, the requirement of casting money is very strict. Every time a new coin is made, the sample money is first submitted to the emperor for examination and approval. The most typical process of casting money: ivory carving money? Bronze carving ancestor money? The first mother money? Yinfan mother money? Money for sample introduction. The procedure of the provincial money bureau is: first casting mother money (Ministry issued sample money)? Yinfan mother money? Money for sample introduction. A large number of coins with mother coins are regular and exquisite. There are a lot of coins in the same edition, but the money is decent, the back is intuitive, there is no trachoma, and the writing is beautiful. There is no superficial image between the text and the seal.