精品推荐:民国三十七年毕业证书

发布时间:2021-06-12 20:55:35   来源:网络  

【藏品名称】:民国三十七年毕业证书

[name of collection]: Diploma in the 37th year of the Republic of China

【藏品数量】:一件

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品简介】:这是一份保存非常完整的毕业证书,制作考究,白色纸张质地坚韧,经过70余年的时间,现已微微泛黄。证书上方正中间印有民国时期领导人孙中山先生的头像,左上方盖有“湖南省教育厅验讫”紫色印章。

[introduction to the collection]: This is a very well preserved diploma. It is well made and the white paper is tough. After more than 70 years, it has been used as a reference,It is now slightly yellowing. On the certificate, the head of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, the leader of the Republic of China, is printed in the middle, and the purple seal of "verified by Hunan Provincial Department of education" is stamped on the top left.

正文行文自右至左竖排,为纯手工书写,繁体楷书,笔画工整,全文如下:“学生田光驅,系湖南湘鄉县人,现年贰拾岁,在本校高级部机械科第壹班修业期满,成绩及格,准予毕业,此证。”文末加盖“湖南立湘鄉高级工业职业钤记”红色印章及校长签名印章。证书左下为该毕业生免冠照片,且加有“湖南省立湘鄉高级工业职业学校”红色印章,落款时间为“中华民国三十柒年拾贰月”。与现代毕业证书不同的是,此证书左上方附有“中华民国印花税票”印花两枚,加盖有蓝印章。民国时期,北洋政府开始征收印花税,这些印花税最初只是在开具发货票、当票、公司股票等情况下征收,后来征收范围逐步扩大,领取出国护照、毕业证书等人事方面的证件都要征税。当前,市档案馆保存有丰富的湘鄉民国时期各学校的毕业证书,极具历史研究价值

The text is arranged vertically from right to left. It is written by hand, in traditional regular script, with neat strokes. The full text is as follows: "student Tian CD-ROM, a native of Xiangxiang County, Hunan Province, is now 20 years old. He has passed the first class of mechanical engineering in the senior Department of our university and is allowed to graduate. This is the certificate." At the end of the paper, the red seal of "Hunan Lixiang Township senior industrial occupation seal" and the signature seal of the president are stamped. At the bottom left of the certificate is the bareheaded photo of the graduate, with the red seal of "Hunan Provincial Xiangxiang Higher Vocational School of industry", which was signed on "December, 1937 of the Republic of China". Different from the modern graduation certificate, there are two "Republic of China tax stamps" on the top left of the certificate, with a blue seal. During the period of the Republic of China, the Beiyang government began to levy stamp tax. At first, the stamp tax was only levied under the circumstances of issuing invoice, pawn ticket and company stock. Later, the scope of levy was gradually expanded, and personnel certificates such as passport and graduation certificate were collected. At present, the city archives has a wealth of graduation certificates from schools in Xiangxiang during the period of the Republic of China, which is of great historical research value